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Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Sciences ISSN 2315-6864 Vol. 4(11): Pp 253-257 November 2015

Copyright© 2015 Basic Research Journals

International Scientific Indexing lSI Impact Factor (0.836)


Full Length Research Paper


Needle pricks among health care workers in a tertiary care general hospital, Saudi Arabia: A nine- year survey


Mohammed A Halwani1, Innass I Khyat2, Talal A Sallam1*


1Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Baha University, Al-Baha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

2King Fahad Hospital, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


*Corresponding Author email: talalsallam2000@yahoo.com


Received 18 November, 2015; Accepted 24 November, 2015; Published 05 December, 2015




This study investigates the rate of needle pricks in a 1000-bed tertiary care hospital that serves three main cities and a number of small towns of a population of around 4 millions. A total of 112 healthcare workers reported incidents of needle pricks during a study period of 9 years. They were 20-45 (29.7± 5.7) years old and encompassed 32 (28.2%) males plus 80 (70.2%) females. They consisted of 57 (50.9%) staff nurses, 24 (21.4%) housekeepers, 17 (15.2%) doctors 7 (6.3%) technicians and 3 (2.7%) trainees 1 dental student (0.9%) and 3 (2.7%) undetected staff. Majority of injuries were caused by needles 102 (91.1%) involving fingers 87 (77.7%) and hands 14 (12.5%) and occurring mainly during the morning hours of duty 72 (64.0%). Injuries occurred either accidentally 38 (33.9%), during handling medical waste 14 (22.3%) and while recapping of needles 14 (12.5%). Only 58 (51.8%) of the reported injuries had known HBsAg, HIV and HCV serological status of source. High rate of nursing staff, housekeeping staff and doctors received needle pricks. Implementing of standard infection control measures is pressing to control blood borne infections among health care workers.


Keywords: Needle Pricks, Health care workers, Nursing staff, Housekeeping staff, HBV, HCV HIV.


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Basic Research Journal of Business Management and Accounts.


Basic Research Journal of Education Research and Review.

Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review.

Basic Research Journal of Social and Political Sciences.


J. Med. Clin. Sci.

Vol. 4 No 11

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